Environmental Effects on Behaviour Read through the requirements below

Environmental Effects on Behaviour
Read through the requirements below, and then complete all parts of the assessment and then save your work as either a Word document or a PDF file. Once you have saved your work click on the Assessment submission link within this topic and upload your completed assessment to your tutor for marking.

Question 1
right433705Ivan Pavlov had a hypothesis that dogs don’t need to learn to salivate once they see food (stimulus response that doesn’t need to be learnt.) he showed unconditioned responses was proven by presenting a dog with food and measuring its saliva. When Pavlov discovered that dogs can associate food with certain triggers he knew that dogs learnt this behaviour. The trigger is called neutral stimulus. Pavlov used a bell whenever he gave food to the dog; after doing this a few times the dog salivated whenever the dog heard just the bell. Because the behaviour was learnt this became a conditioned response.
00Ivan Pavlov had a hypothesis that dogs don’t need to learn to salivate once they see food (stimulus response that doesn’t need to be learnt.) he showed unconditioned responses was proven by presenting a dog with food and measuring its saliva. When Pavlov discovered that dogs can associate food with certain triggers he knew that dogs learnt this behaviour. The trigger is called neutral stimulus. Pavlov used a bell whenever he gave food to the dog; after doing this a few times the dog salivated whenever the dog heard just the bell. Because the behaviour was learnt this became a conditioned response.
In your own words, describe classical conditioning and Pavlov’s experiments. Keep your answer to approximately one paragraph.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Question 2
Modelling can be either positive or negative. Give examples of where it might be:
7620603885*(negative) Influences that television celebrities have:
Celebrities that are on television bound to be influences on people but particularly on the younger generation; but they also have unusually high standards of self-image, sexually explicit, some are regular drug users, drink to get drunk, they use derogatory language and although not encouraged they don’t deter weight images resulting in less self – esteem and confidence.
*(positive) influences that teachers have on students

00*(negative) Influences that television celebrities have:
Celebrities that are on television bound to be influences on people but particularly on the younger generation; but they also have unusually high standards of self-image, sexually explicit, some are regular drug users, drink to get drunk, they use derogatory language and although not encouraged they don’t deter weight images resulting in less self – esteem and confidence.
*(positive) influences that teachers have on students

a) Positive b) Negative
Give 3 examples of each, then give a 1-2 sentence explanation of why you believe they are positive or negative.

Question 3
In your own words, give a one sentence definition of each of the following:
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Modelling
right35687000Punishment
Question 4
A three-year-old child throws herself on the floor and begins to scream and shout. Her mother smiles and says – “It’s just a phase she’s going through, they all do it.” She then gives her a sweet. The child stops her tantrum.

right94297500Considering what you have read in the course, briefly explain how the mother might be influencing her child’s behaviour through one of the following:Classical conditioning, operant conditioning, modelling or punishment. (Approximately 200 words).

Question 5
left60433300List methods of remembering things (i.e. encouraging memories to go from your STM to LTM). List as many as you can up to 10 and at least five. You don’t need to explain how the methods work. 
Tutor Comment: