Article grammar, semantics, and discourse structure in individual texts produce representations analysis
On the basis of the assignment instructions, I was tasked with reviewing the grammatical and sentence structure of the articles based on Angelina Jolie and her involvement in charity work. From these articles I observed examples of constructed dialogue, constructed action, identification and coding of utterances sets within the constructed dialogue from the three articles. These utterances were coded before each constructed dialogue example. As well as providing an explanation of why such utterances functions within constructed dialogue, while determining examples of constructed actions in functions of direct constructed action. Or the indirect constructed action with examples of how such constructed action in its indirect form functions.
Constructed dialogue is important because in our communication with other people, our aim is not only to convey new information but exchanging ideas which is observed in these three articles with other exchanges including opinions and behaviors. From the articles, we also understand social interaction and how cooperation involves one or several partners in a situation that is communicative. From the articles, we observe that not all utterances originate from the speakers on the basis of their social interaction but instead I consider it to be proper turns. It is crucial to differentiate proper turns in the articles from another phenomenon known as back channel signals. These do not comprise of shifting by the speakers but instead they are merely hearer signals that remain listening. In the case of these articles, the interactive discourse features entail question tags and clausal forms such as you know and you see. We also observe discourse markers as well as pragmatic expressions for instance I mean, all right, I understand and yeah. These phrases are only existent in the spoken variation of well nigh meaning and function above intimacy signals.
Analysis and Findings
In the articles, I observe question affiliated tags which in certain instances are labeled as question tags. These in their most basic types comprise of tags with a tone that is rising based on the invitation of verification with the expectation of the hearer making a decision of truth in proposition to the statement. The second type I observe is the questions that are characterized by a falling tone based on the invitation of a statement of confirmation and bear the exclamation force instead of a question that is genuine.
Take for instance when one of the individuals known as Interviewer asks Angelina if she is home early even as she presumably holds knowledge that the timing of Angelina’s arrival is earlier than expected. Consider the following transcription; Interviewer questions which is observed as a question tag. Hey you’r actively involved arn’t you? to which Angelian responds Yeah I had a meeting and got here early and I didn’t want to go back until I saw the work being done here. She is asked again, Can you help with this? Yet again Angelina is knowledgeable of Interviewer in asking the question as being disabled though she asks her nonetheless. To which Angelina responds, Oh yeah or what ? Umm.
Constructed dialogue references
The constructed dialogue above involves three individuals Interviewer and Angelina who are engaged in a conversation as Interviewer provides some assistance to Angelina to unpack and shelve her groceries. The dialogue is held in the description of the phenomenon known as actual space blend. Whereby, within this discourse their actions comprise of the projection of the body of the signer into a blend that produces the visual blend element that normally involves a human actor.
This blend in the case of Interviewer and Angelina concerns the cognitive merger of elements from three spaces in mental separation. This is with some being mapped to a third space leading to outcomes of a blend. In essential this happens when the signer in the case of Angelina initiated the construction of the action or dialogue. It should be noted that even as this phenomenon is normally observed in part as a narration, it happens in isolation from the singer in a momentary stepping out of the narrator’s role to assume the role of the character. This section of the phenomenon is however not observed in action and dialogue among these actors.
On the other hand, constructed action concerns the utilization by the signer of varied parts of their body for instance the head or eye gaze. This is aimed at presenting a depiction of actions of a character as well as the appearance of an accompaniment that is obligatory which in certain instances can be defined as classifier signs.
Constructed action examples
From the constructed actions presented above, I observe that is the communication with other people, this normally involves conveying new information as well as exchanging ideas, behaviors and opinions. This is also the case of the conversation between Angelina and Interviewer that formulate a certain space for social interaction. In this case the cooperation is between three persons in a situation that is communicative with participants taking turn that is to say the certain moment of one of them being the present speaker. Whereas the others are the present hearers, in which case the story between Angelina and Interviewer allows for them to interact socially. More certain as shifts by Angelina the more occurring speaker are being examined. In another instance, the conversation between Interviewer and Angelina can be labeled as a discourse item since is holds the appearance of spoken discourse. It can also be labeled as an interactive item since it provides assistance to make the flow of interaction smooth. In accordance, they are labeled as items of discourse interaction in the current analysis.
The utterances presented above presented the varied means that are used to report the words, thoughts and actions of the speakers. Take for instance the indirect quotation that is made otherwise known as indirect reporting. Furthermore, it is from the examples that we observer a reporting of the speakers point of view which is well illustrated by the utterances made by Interviewer and Angelina. We also observe direct quotation also known as direct reporting that in some instances is the simplified reporting of speech with Angelina making the report from the quoted persons view point as we see from the articles.
From the articles, we note that not all form of utterances made by speakers in the course of social interaction can he held in the consideration of proper turns. Instead there is need to distinguish proper turns from backchannels that do not entail the shifts made by the speakers that are merely hearers. In the same instance, the indication is made of the present speaker continually speaking. As such from the articles we observed the interactive discourse items of question tags and clausal forms. There is multiple structural variations between of the indirect and direct reporting types with the indirect description holding embedded clauses that are clearly utilized. While on the other hand, direct discourse entails the relation to the introductory quoted phase.